The “periodontium” is the dental term used to refer to the bone, ligament, and gum tissue that support the teeth. Periodontal disease can vary in severity but indicates a loss, to some degree, in the bone and gum tissue surrounding the teeth. There can be numerous causative factors for periodontal disease including systemic conditions like diabetes, to environmental factors like tobacco use. Most commonly, long lapses between dental cleanings leading to tartar and bacteria buildup is to blame. When left undisturbed, the bacteria produce a byproduct which leads to destruction of the periodontium. Bleeding, halitosis (bad breath), and tooth mobility are just a few signs that you may have periodontal disease. Periodontal disease has been linked to heart disease, low birth weight in pregnant women who have this condition, and a host of other conditions. Surgeons like orthopedists understand how oral diseases can affect surgical outcomes like joint replacements and may request their patient be cleared by their dentist prior to surgery. Our team is able to provide periodontal cleanings to stabilize this disease. It’s important to understand those with periodontal disease will require more frequent recalls than those without disease. Management is key.